微信公众平台开发教程(四) 实例入门:机器人(附源码)


微信公众平台开发教程(四) 实例入门:机器人(附源码)

 上一篇文章,写了基本框架,可能很多人会觉得晕头转向,这里提供一个简单的例子来予以说明,希望能帮你解开谜团。

一、功能介绍

通过微信公众平台实现在线客服机器人功能。主要的功能包括:简单对话、查询天气等服务。

这里只是提供比较简单的功能,重在通过此实例来说明公众平台的具体研发过程。只是一个简单DEMO,如果需要的话可以在此基础上进行扩展。

当然后续我们还会推出比较复杂的应用实例。 

二、具体实现

1、提供访问接口

这里不再赘述,参照上一章,微信公众账号开发教程(二) 基础框架搭建
http://www.cnblogs.com/yank/p/3392394.html

2、签名认证和分发请求

这里不再赘述,参照上一章,微信公众账号开发教程(二) 基础框架搭建
http://www.cnblogs.com/yank/p/3392394.html

3、处理请求,并响应

1)关注

当微信用户关注公众账号时,可以给其适当的提示。可以是欢迎词,可以是帮助提示。

直接上代码:

    class EventHandler : IHandler
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 请求的xml
        /// </summary>
        private string RequestXml { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 构造函数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="requestXml"></param>
        public EventHandler(string requestXml)
        {
            this.RequestXml = requestXml;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 处理请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public string HandleRequest()
        {
            string response = string.Empty;
            EventMessage em = EventMessage.LoadFromXml(RequestXml);
            if (em.Event.Equals("subscribe",StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
            {
                //回复欢迎消息
                TextMessage tm = new TextMessage();
                tm.ToUserName = em.FromUserName;
                tm.FromUserName = em.ToUserName;
                tm.CreateTime = Common.GetNowTime();
                tm.Content = "欢迎您关注***,我是大哥大,有事就问我,呵呵!\n\n";
                response = tm.GenerateContent();
            }

            return response;
        }
    }

 2)问候

简单的交流问候,比如你好、帮助等等,跟我们使用微信聊天一样,不过回应是由我们的程序响应。具体功能,可以根据自己的需要进行添加。
微信本来就是沟通的平台。这个案例,可以用于在线服务机器人,类似于淘宝的客服机器人,可是我们这个是微信版的。呵呵
其实,很简单,获取请求消息,根据关键字来匹配回应。当然这里可能要做的工作很多,如何支持智能匹配,如何支持模糊匹配等。

代码如下:

    /// <summary>
    /// 文本信息处理类
    /// </summary>
    public class TextHandler : IHandler
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 请求的XML
        /// </summary>
        private string RequestXml { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 构造函数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="requestXml">请求的xml</param>
        public TextHandler(string requestXml)
        {
            this.RequestXml = requestXml;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 处理请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public string HandleRequest()
        {
            string response = string.Empty;
            TextMessage tm = TextMessage.LoadFromXml(RequestXml);
            string content = tm.Content.Trim();
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(content))
            {
                response = "您什么都没输入,没法帮您啊,%>_<%。";
            }
            else
            {
                if (content.StartsWith("tq", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
                {
                    string cityName = content.Substring(2).Trim();
                    response = WeatherHelper.GetWeather(cityName);
                }
                else
                {
                    response = HandleOther(content);
                }
            }
            tm.Content = response;
            //进行发送者、接收者转换
            string temp = tm.ToUserName;
            tm.ToUserName = tm.FromUserName;
            tm.FromUserName = temp;
            response = tm.GenerateContent();
            return response;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 处理其他消息
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="tm"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private string HandleOther(string requestContent)
        {
            string response = string.Empty;
            if (requestContent.Contains("你好") || requestContent.Contains("您好"))
            {
                response = "您也好~";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains(""))
            {
                response = "我不傻!哼~ ";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains("") || requestContent.Contains(""))
            {
                response = "哼,你说脏话! ";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains("是谁"))
            {
                response = "我是大哥大,有什么能帮您的吗?~";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains("再见"))
            {
                response = "再见!";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains("bye"))
            {
                response = "Bye!";
            }
            else if (requestContent.Contains("谢谢"))
            {
                response = "不客气!嘿嘿";
            }
            else if (requestContent == "h" || requestContent == "H" || requestContent.Contains("帮助"))
            {
                response = @"查询天气,输入tq 城市名称\拼音\首字母";
            }
            else
            {
                response = "您说的,可惜,我没明白啊,试试其他关键字吧。";
            }

            return response;
        }
    }

 

3)查询天气

这个功能需要请求实时查询的,请求官方的天气发布网站,然后解析其返回值,按照我们需要的格式,组织天气信息,最后发送给微信客户。
采用文本消息方式处理。
用户请求,只需输入:tq 城市名称/拼音/首字母,即可获取消息。

回复的消息:(以北京为例)

北京
2013年11月6日 星期三
今天:(17℃~4℃)晴北风4-5级转3-4级4-5级转3-4级
24小时穿衣指数:天气冷,建议着棉服、羽绒服、皮夹克加羊毛衫等冬季服装。年老体弱者宜着厚棉衣、冬大衣或厚羽绒服。
明天:(14℃~3℃)晴转多云微风小于3级
48小时穿衣指数:天气冷,建议着棉服、羽绒服、皮夹克加羊毛衫等冬季服装。年老体弱者宜着厚棉衣、冬大衣或厚羽绒服。

来看源码吧:

    class WeatherHelper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 城市集合字段
        /// </summary>
        private static Dictionary<string, City> mCities;
        /// <summary>
        /// 城市集合
        /// </summary>
        public static Dictionary<string, City> Cities
        {
            get
            {
                if (mCities == null)
                {
                    LoadCities();
                }

                return mCities;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 加载城市
        /// </summary>
        private static void LoadCities()
        {
            mCities = new Dictionary<string, City>();
            mCities.Clear();
            mCities.Add("101010100", new City() { Code = "101010100", Name = "北京", PinYin = "beijing", FristLetter = "bj" });
            mCities.Add("101020100", new City() { Code = "101020100", Name = "上海", PinYin = "shanghai", FristLetter = "sh" });
            mCities.Add("101200101", new City() { Code = "101200101", Name = "武汉", PinYin = "wuhai", FristLetter = "wh" });
            
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取城市的天气
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="name">城市名称、拼音或首字母</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string GetWeather(string name)
        {
            string result = string.Empty;
            string cityCode = string.Empty;
            //获取城市编码
            IEnumerable<string> codes = from item in Cities
                                        where item.Value != null
                                              && (item.Value.Name.Equals(name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) 
                                                    || item.Value.PinYin.Equals(name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) 
                                                    || item.Value.FristLetter.Equals(name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
                                        select item.Value.Code;
            if (codes != null && codes.Count() > 0)
            {
                cityCode = codes.First<string>();
            }

            //http请求,获取天气
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(cityCode))
            {
                string url = "http://m.weather.com.cn/data/{0}.html";
                url = string.Format(url, cityCode);
                WebRequest request = HttpWebRequest.Create(url);
                //超时时间为:2秒
                request.Timeout = 2000;
                request.Credentials = CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;
                WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();
                StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream(), Encoding.UTF8);
                string weahterInfo = reader.ReadToEnd();
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(weahterInfo))
                {
                    result = "暂时没有取到天气数据,请稍后再试";
                }
                else
                {
                    XmlDocument doc = JsonConvert.DeserializeXmlNode(weahterInfo);
                    if (doc != null)
                    {
                        XmlNode node = doc.DocumentElement;
                        if (node != null)
                        {
                            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
                            builder.Append(node["city"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            builder.Append(node["date_y"].InnerText).Append(" ").Append(node["week"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            builder.Append("今天:").Append("(").Append(node["temp1"].InnerText).Append(")").Append(node["weather1"].InnerText).Append(node["wind1"].InnerText).Append(node["fl1"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            builder.Append("24小时穿衣指数:").Append(node["index_d"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            builder.Append("明天:").Append("(").Append(node["temp2"].InnerText).Append(")").Append(node["weather2"].InnerText).Append(node["wind2"].InnerText).Append(node["fl2"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            builder.Append("48小时穿衣指数:").Append(node["index48_d"].InnerText).Append("\n");
                            result = builder.ToString();
                        }
                    }
                    #region 天气json数据格式
                    /*
                 
                {
   "weatherinfo": {
       "city": "北京", 
       "city_en": "beijing", 
       "date_y": "2013年11月4日", 
       "date": "", 
       "week": "星期一", 
       "fchh": "11", 
       "cityid": "101010100", 
       "temp1": "17℃~5℃", 
       "temp2": "16℃~5℃", 
       "temp3": "18℃~4℃", 
       "temp4": "17℃~5℃", 
       "temp5": "14℃~6℃", 
       "temp6": "14℃~2℃", 
       "tempF1": "62.6℉~41℉", 
       "tempF2": "60.8℉~41℉", 
       "tempF3": "64.4℉~39.2℉", 
       "tempF4": "62.6℉~41℉", 
       "tempF5": "57.2℉~42.8℉", 
       "tempF6": "57.2℉~35.6℉", 
       "weather1": "晴转多云", 
       "weather2": "多云", 
       "weather3": "多云转晴", 
       "weather4": "晴转多云", 
       "weather5": "多云转阴", 
       "weather6": "阴转晴", 
       "img1": "0", 
       "img2": "1", 
       "img3": "1", 
       "img4": "99", 
       "img5": "1", 
       "img6": "0", 
       "img7": "0", 
       "img8": "1", 
       "img9": "1", 
       "img10": "2", 
       "img11": "2", 
       "img12": "0", 
       "img_single": "0", 
       "img_title1": "晴", 
       "img_title2": "多云", 
       "img_title3": "多云", 
       "img_title4": "多云", 
       "img_title5": "多云", 
       "img_title6": "晴", 
       "img_title7": "晴", 
       "img_title8": "多云", 
       "img_title9": "多云", 
       "img_title10": "阴", 
       "img_title11": "阴", 
       "img_title12": "晴", 
       "img_title_single": "晴", 
       "wind1": "微风", 
       "wind2": "微风", 
       "wind3": "微风", 
       "wind4": "微风", 
       "wind5": "微风", 
       "wind6": "北风4-5级", 
       "fx1": "微风", 
       "fx2": "微风", 
       "fl1": "小于3级", 
       "fl2": "小于3级", 
       "fl3": "小于3级", 
       "fl4": "小于3级", 
       "fl5": "小于3级", 
       "fl6": "4-5级", 
       "index": "较冷", 
       "index_d": "建议着大衣、呢外套加毛衣、卫衣等服装。体弱者宜着厚外套、厚毛衣。因昼夜温差较大,注意增减衣服。", 
       "index48": "冷", 
       "index48_d": "天气冷,建议着棉服、羽绒服、皮夹克加羊毛衫等冬季服装。年老体弱者宜着厚棉衣、冬大衣或厚羽绒服。", 
       "index_uv": "中等", 
       "index48_uv": "弱", 
       "index_xc": "适宜", 
       "index_tr": "适宜", 
       "index_co": "舒适", 
       "st1": "17", 
       "st2": "5", 
       "st3": "17", 
       "st4": "5", 
       "st5": "18", 
       "st6": "6", 
       "index_cl": "适宜", 
       "index_ls": "适宜", 
       "index_ag": "极不易发"
   }
}
                */
                    #endregion

                }
            }
            else
            {
                result = "没有获取到该城市的天气,请确定输入了正确的城市名称,如\'北京\'或者\'beijing\'或者\'bj\'";
            }

            //返回
            return result;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 内部类:城市
        /// </summary>
        internal class City
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// 编码
            /// </summary>
            public string Code { get; set; }
            /// <summary>
            /// 名称
            /// </summary>
            public string Name { get; set; }
            /// <summary>
            /// 拼音
            /// </summary>
            public string PinYin { get; set; }
            /// <summary>
            /// 拼音首字母
            /// </summary>
            public string FristLetter { get; set; }
        }
    }

 三、源码

这里可是可执行的代码哦。应大家的需求,这里提供全部的源代码。

 http://files.cnblogs.com/yank/Yank.WeiXin.Robot.zip

下一篇计划:

微信公众平台开发教程(五)自定义菜单


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